Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia,is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.For at least 40,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century,Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians,who belonged to one or more of roughly 250 language groups.After discovery by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia’s eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five self-governing Crown Colonies were established.On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The federation comprises six states and several territories. The population of 22.9 millionis highly urbanised and heavily concentrated in the eastern states.
Tourism is an important industry for the Australian economy. In the financial year 2010/11, the tourism industry represented 2.5% of Australia‘s GDPat a value of approximately A$35 billion to the national economy. This is equivalent to tourism contributing $94.8 million a day to the Australian economy.Domestic tourism is a significant part of the tourism industry, and was responsible for 73% of the total direct tourism GDP.The 2010-11 financial year saw a record number of overseas arrivals in the financial year, with 5.9 million short-term visitor arrivals to Australia (or 588 extra visitors a day extra).Tourism employed 513,700 people in Australia in 2010-11, or which 43.7% of total tourism employed persons were part-time. Tourism also contributed 8.0% of Australia’s total export earnings in 2010-11.
Places To Visit Australia:
The Golden Dragon Museum is situated in the city of Bendigo, Australia. The museum is dedicated to the Chinese who immigrated to the region and the rich culture they brought with them. Built on the site of Bendigo’s original Chinatown, the museum’s precinct also includes Chinese Gardens and a temple to Kuan Yin.
Chinese heritage constitutes a significant part of the town of Bendigo’s cultural identity. The goldrush saw thousands of Chinese migrate to Bendigo in the latter half of the 19th century. The Chinese formed their own community and began raising money for charities. In the 1870s, the local Chinese were invited to take part in the annual Easter festival. The Bendigo Chinese saw this as a chance to become a part of the wider community. The elders of the region raised 750 Pounds by placing a levy on all Chinese. This money was used to purchase extravagant costumes and regalia. These costumes form the basis of the museum’s collection and are well preserved garments, made from silk and gold bullion thread.
Lake Albert is an artificial lake in the suburb of Lake Albert in Wagga Wagga in New South Wales, Australia. Covering 125 ha, the lake was built in the 1890s on what was known as Swampy Plains and was named after Prince Albert.Surrounded by parkland, the lake is a venue for water sports, fishing, walking and bird watching.The lake is home to the Boat Club and one of the town’s two golf courses, Wagga Wagga Country Club, is situated on the western shore of the lake.
Narawntapu (formerly known as “Asbestos Range”) is a national park in Tasmania, Australia. It lies on Tasmania’s north coast, adjoiningBass Strait, between Port Sorell in the west and the mouth of the Tamar River in the east. It lies about 20 km east of Devonport, 60 km north-west of Launceston and 250 km north of Hobart.Narawntapu encompasses islands in the Port Sorell estuary and the Carbuncle, as well as land extending to low water mark, includingintertidal mudflats. The highest point of the park is 392 m ASL. It is listed on Australia’s Register of the National Estate.Because of its proximity to the tourist centres of Devonport and Port Sorell, Narawntapu is popular with visitors. It has been referred to as “Tasmania’s Serengeti“, owing to the abundance of wildlife in the Springlawn area of the park, the main access point for visitors.
Woodside Beach is a rural locality with a popular surf beach in Victoria, Australia.It is approximately 10 km from the town of Woodside, and can be reached by the Woodside Beach Road. Areas of interest surrounding Woodside Beach include Balloong Natural Interest Reserve, Jack Smith Lake and McLoughlins Beach.Woodside Beach is close to the starting point of the Ninety Mile Beach, which starts at Port Albert and extends to Lakes Entrance. This led to it being the focal point of light car speed trials in 1938.In the 1950s fish stock in the area were notable.Due to its location it can be affected by storm surges,and at various times items from accidents nearby at sea get washed onto the beach.
Serendip Sanctuary is a 227 ha protected area in Victoria, Australia, near the You Yangs and the town of Lara, some 22 km north ofGeelong and 60 km south-west of Melbourne.Originally used for farming and other purposes, it was purchased in 1959 by the state government of Victoria for wildlife research and the captive management and breeding of species threatened in Victoria, such as the Brolga, Magpie Goose, Australian Bustard, and Bush Stone-curlew. The sanctuary contains many different types of wetland and is home to many plant species as well, such as River Red Gums, tall spikerush, and tussock grass. Serendip now focuses more on environmental education about the flora and fauna of the wetlands and open grassy woodlands of the volcanic Western Plains of Victoria. It was opened to the public in 1991 and is now managed by Parks Victoria.
6.World Heritage Sites:
Coal Mines Historic Site was, for a period of 15 years (1833–48), a convict probation station and the site of Tasmania‘s (then Van Diemen’s Land‘s) first operational coal mine, “serving as a place of punishment for the ‘worst class’ of convicts from Port Arthur“.It is now the site of a collection of ruins and landscape modifications located amongst bushland facing onto the Tasman Peninsula‘s Little Norfolk Bay, being ruins and landscape modifications of such cultural significance to Australia and to the World that the site has been formally inscribed onto both the Australian National Heritage List and UNESCO‘s World Heritage list as amongst the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts.